Iranian Diplomatic Infrastructure for Terrorism in the world

Iranian Diplomatic Infrastructure for Terrorism in the world

# Overview

Since the Iranian Revolution in 1979, the government of Iran has been accused by several countries of training, financing, and providing weapons and safe havens for non-state militant actors, such as Hezbollah in Lebanon, Hamas in Gaza, and other Palestinian groups (Islamic Jihad (PIJ) and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC)). These groups are designated terrorist groups by a number of countries and international bodies.

After the fall of the Shah in 1979, the Islamic Republic of Iran established the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) to domestically promote the government’s social policy. IRGC is accused of spreading its ideology in neighboring regions by training and funding “terrorist organizations”. By 1986, IRGC had 350,000 members and had acquired a small naval and air force. By 1996, its ground forces numbered 100,000 and the naval forces numbered 20,000. They are believed to use the Quds Force to train Islamic militants. In 1995, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard held a conference with worldwide organizations accused of engaging in terrorism including the Japanese Red Army, the Armenian Secret Army, the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, the Iraqi Da’wah Party, the Islamic Front for the Liberation of Bahrain and Hezbollah in Beirut for the sole purpose of providing training to these organizations supposedly to help in the destabilization of Gulf States and aid assistance to militants in these countries to replace the existing governments with Iran-like regimes. The United States State Department states that IRGC provides support for Hamas, Hezbollah and Palestinian Islamic Jihad in Israel. They also say that IRGC has given much support and training to terrorists supporting the Palestinian resistance. They are also accused of aiding the Iraqi insurgency in southern Iraq. United States designates IRGC as foreign terrorist organization. On April 15, 2019, the United States officially designated Iran’s elite IRGC as a foreign terrorist organization. This followed the earlier declaration by the U.S. President Donald Trump on April 8 that he would name Iran’s elite IRGC a terrorist organization.

IRGC – General InfoMOIS – General InfoIranian DiplomatsIran terrorist cell

# Iranian Embassy = IRGC/MOIS Headquarters

Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence Service and Security (MOIS) and the intelligence department of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) operate out of Tehran’s Berlin embassy – where MOIS has its office. Needless to say, the diplomats at the embassy are instructed to cooperate fully with MOIS/IRGC operatives and,, that cooperation includes aiding and abetting subversion activities by IRGC and proxy groups.

The goals of these agencies, the report states, is to monitor opposition groups in Europe and collect information that might help “export the revolution” to Europe. In this context, it makes reference to an ongoing investigation of the activities of MOIS/IRGC’s suspected espionage and threats against opposition leaders.

Iran’s embassy and consulates in Germany are involved, through MOIS/IRGC directives, in developing and maintaining business ties with German firms which view the sanctions as business opportunities. At the most basic level, this activity includes setting up meetings with high ranking Iranian officials.

Germany remains the largest EU exporter of goods to Iran; some two-thirds of Iranian industrial firms use machinery and equipment made in Germany, and rely on imports of German spare parts. Apart from general goods and trucks, Germany is also an important base for purchasing knowhow and technologies relevant to Iran’s nuclear program which have become harder to obtain as a result of sanctions.

Exposure of the money trail between Germany and Iran frequently brings to light numerous firms and deals that are directly related to MOIS/IRGC officers or to funds – particularly the Execution of Imam Khomeini’s Order (EIKO), managed by Khamenei himself.

The picture emerging from the numerous cases of shipments of dubious content – from weapons to nuclear-related machinery – through German-owned shipping lines and agencies, is that Iran is abusing Germany’s hospitality (and the greed of some of its business people) to strengthen both its subversion activities in Europe and its nuclear program back home.

And since MOIS and the IRGC are not only involved but are actually operating from within the Iranian embassy in Berlin, it’s not difficult to figure out that the IRGC-affiliated diplomats are systematically abusing their rights under the Vienna Convention – the very international document meant to protect the integrity (and safety) of diplomats.

This does not mean that every Iranian diplomat in Germany is directly linked to illicit activity. It does mean that Iranian heads of mission are most likely familiar with – and therefore accountable for – the subversive activities of MOIS and the IRGC originating on German soil.

# Most Iranian diplomats are recruited from the IRGC

ifmat - Diploma Terrorists
Iran is heavily invested in strengthening ties with Germany through its disproportionately large diplomatic infrastructure in Germany which includes an embassy in Berlin and 3 consulates in Frankfurt, Munich and Hamburg. Hamburg also boasts an Iranian chamber of commerce and a Tehran-based spiritual center

And yet, already back in the 1990’s, the link between Iranian diplomacy and terrorist activities with Germany as its base became quite evident: “The largest European Al-Qods facility was in the Iranian embassy in Germany. The embassy’s third floor had twenty Qods employees coordinating terrorist activities in Europe” (Qods is an elite faction of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards Corps – IRGC).

The influence of the IRGC and Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence and Security (MOIS) in Iranian diplomacy might just be one of Iran’s worst-kept secrets: “Most Iranian foreign officers and diplomats have worked with MOIS, the IRGC, or other security agencies. MOIS works in coordination with the Foreign Ministry in operations carried out abroad, using Iranian embassie for collecting intelligence… Qods is believed to coordinate with MOIS through foreign embassies, charities, and cultural centers in targeted countries.”

It is noteworthy to remember that according to Mohammad Reza Heydari, an ex-Iranian diplomat, most Iranian diplomats are recruited from the IRGC and that figure might reach as high as 80%!

Every once in a while, the link between the IRGC, terrorism and Iranian diplomats is exposed as in the aftermath of the assassination of 4 Iranian Kurdish leaders in the Mykonos restaurant in Berlin in September 1992.

According to the testimony of Abdel Ghassem Messbahi, a former senior Iranian intelligence official, the assassinations were authorized by the Committee for Special Operations, “a small group made up of the supreme leader, the president, the foreign minister, the minister of intelligence, and the chief of the Revolutionary Guards”.

After the verdict, German severed diplomatic relations with Iran, expelling Moussavian and fourteen of his staff members. The rest of the EU states followed suit in suspending diplomatic relations for six months. Diplomatic relations then resumed as did further evidence of diplomatic involvement in terrorist activities.

# Examples of Iranian “diplomats”

Some council examples of Iranian “diplomats”:
– Assadollah Assadi. Stationed at the Iranian Embassy in Vienna as a “counselor,” Mr. Assadi is an expert in explosives and played a “decisive role” in killing American forces in Iraq from 2004 to 2008. European authorities arrested Mr. Assadi in July for masterminding a thwarted car-bomb attack on a huge gathering of National Council members near Paris. MOIS has made the Vienna embassy its hub for orchestrating attacks on dissidents. A German court approved Mr. Assadi’s extradition to Belgium.

– Gholamhossein Mohammadnia. The senior MOIS deputy became the Iranian ambassador to Albania in 2016. Why is Albania important? That same year the MEK completed relocating its headquarters from Iraq to Tirana. The National Council says the embassy has since planned several missions against its members. “The embassy increasingly came under the control of MOIS agents,” the National Council says.

– Reza Amiri Moghadam. The head of MOIS’ operations unit, Mr. Moghadam has been deployed overseas as a “diplomat,” allowing him to meet with the U.S. ambassador in Iraq in 2007. MOIS agents in Europe report to him in Tehran. “He is the key figure for the regime’s terrorist operations outside Iran, particularly in Europe and the U.S.,” the National Council’s report said.

Iraj Masjedi. The Iranian ambassador to Iraq is a veteran commander of the Quds Force, which orchestrated bombing attacks on U.S. troops. He is also a chief adviser to Maj. Gen. Qassem Soleimani, the Revolutionary Guard commander and dedicated U.S. foe. He controls various Shiite militias in Iraq, totaling 100,000. The Pentagon estimates that Iran helped anti-American Iraqis kill 500 U.S. troops with roadside bombs. “All of the Iranian regime’s terrorist operations in Iraq were controlled and commanded by [Mr. Masjedi],” the Iranian opposition report said. “Under the guise of its ambassador, the regime has continued meddling in Iraq.”

– Hamid Aboutalebi is a former Iranian diplomat and ambassador. Aboutalebi was previously ambassador of Iran to Australia, the European Union, Belgium, Italy, and a political director general to Iran’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was part of Iran’s UN delegation in New York City in the 1990s. It has been claimed that Aboutalebi was one of the student radicals involved in the Iran hostage crisis, in which 52 Americans, including diplomats from the US embassy in Tehran, were held captive from 1979 to 1980.

– Hassan Danaeifar is an Iranian military officer in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. He served as Iran’s ambassador to Iraq from 2010 to 2017. Prior to the appointment, he held office as the secretary-general of the ‘Iran–Iraq Economic Development Center’ and head of the ‘Headquarters for the Restoration of Holy Shrines’. Danaeifar served most of his career in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps as a civil engineer and logistician. He was the deputy commander of the IRGC Navy and commander of the Khatam-al Anbiya Construction Headquarters. He also served in the Quds Force.

– Ali Ahani pushed Argentina to drop investigations against Iran over the bombing of the Argentine Israeli Mutual Association (AMIA) building in 1994 and that diplomatic relations between the two countries will be strengthen. In the interview, Ali Ahani has defined the bombing investigations as a “misunderstanding.” The Tehran Times to support the thesis of the “misunderstanding” wrote that the case of the AMIA attack has remained “a mystery” for 17 years, and “no significant information” has been provided by the Argentine government on “the main cause of the incident” or the real culprits.

– Hassan Irloo – “The Iranian regime smuggled Hassan Irloo (Eyrlou), an IRGC member tied to Lebanese Hezbollah, into Yemen under the guise of ‘ambassador’ to the Houthi militia,” Ortagus said on Twitter, urging Yemenis to denounce Iran and its ambassador. “Iran’s intent to use the Houthis to expand its malign influence is clear. The Yemeni people should say no to Irloo and Iran.”. Analysts warn the planting of a senior IRGC official in Yemen reflects deepening Iranian influence in Yemen. “The Iranian press has previously devoted considerable attention to the Irloo family due to their strong ties to the Iranian Islamic Revolution and its military wing. In 2013, when Irloo’s mother died, Qassem Soleimani himself attended the funeral to honour her as the mother of two martyrs – Hussein and Asghar – who were killed in the Iran-Iraq War,” Mohammed Albasha of the research firm Navanti Group told The New Arab. “The smuggling of an enigmatic figure with close familial ties to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps into Houthi territory under the guise of diplomacy reinforces the primacy of Yemen within Iran’s regional ‘axis of resistance’ framework, and demonstrates that Iran has no intention of disengaging from Yemen in the near future,” Albasha added.

List of Iranian diplomats

# Terrorist attacks organized by Iranian diplomats
ifmat - the long arm of iran

Iran’s regime has systematically used assassinations. It usually kills dissidents, encouraging its proxy groups and allies to do the same. It has also kidnapped and killed those it deems enemies of the state. After the revolution in 1979, Iran hunted down and murdered critics, especially from minority groups. It feared that Kurdish, Baloch, Azeri and Arab minorities might question its new leadership. It also went after groups like the MEK and others, killing thousands. Over time, the number of killings was reduced.

Table last update: 28/10/2020

October 12, 2020BelgiumAn Iranian diplomat charged in Belgium with planning to bomb a meeting of an exiled Iranian opposition group in France warned authorities of possible retaliation by unidentified groups if he is found guilty, according to a police document. Belgian prosecutors charged Vienna-based Assadolah Assadi in Oct. 2018 and three others with planning an attack that year on a rally of the Paris-based National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) attended by high profile former U.S., European and Arab officials. Assadi, who goes on trial on Nov. 27, was the third counsellor at Iran’s embassy in Vienna. French officials have said he was in charge of intelligence in southern Europe and was acting on orders from Tehran.
September 21, 2020BahrainBahrain’s interior ministry said it had foiled a “terrorist attack” early this year that was backed by Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.
September 13, 2020South AfricaPolitico alleged on September 13 that Iran was weighing “an assassination attempt against the American ambassador to South Africa, US intelligence reports say.”
January 16, 2020AlbaniaAlbania’s Foreign Ministry on Wednesday expelled two Iranian regime diplomat terrorists for activities “not in line with their status.”. “Acting Foreign Minister Gent Cakaj identified the diplomats in a statement on social media as Mohammad Ali Arz Peimanemati and Seyed Ahmad Hosseini Alast. They were expelled for activity incompatible with their diplomatic status, a phrase often used in cases of spying,”
January 2020AfricaThe Economist raised questions about Al-Shabab’s relations with Iran after an attack on US service members in Kenya in January 2020. The Voice of America reports that Iran could target US interests in Africa on January 4. Nigerian police were put on alert for such a scenario. Iran has tentacles in many countries in Africa, alongside Hezbollah in some cases.
2020Central African RepublicIn the Central African Republic it is believed that Iran infiltrated Bangui to plot terror attacks as well, according to a May article in The National. The article accuses the IRGC Quds Force of recruiting locals for “attacks on US and Western interests.”
November 2019TurkeyUS says Iran was behind the murder of Masoud Molavi Vardanjani in Turkey in November 2019. He was hunted down by intelligence officers from Iran’s consulate in Istanbul, Reuters reported.
December 19, 2018Albania On 19 December 2018 Albania expelled Iran’s ambassador to the country, Gholamhossein Mohammadnia, and another Iranian diplomat for “involvement in activities that harm the country’s security”, for “violating their diplomatic status and supporting terrorism.” The expelled Iranians were alleged to have plotted terrorist attacks in the country, including targeting MEK\PMOI event to silence dissidents.
October 2018Denmark In October 2018, Denmark said the Iranian government intelligence service had tried to carry out a plot to assassinate an Iranian Arab opposition figure on its soil. The planned assassination was of an exiled leader of the Arab Struggle Movement for the Liberation of Ahvaz (ASMLA). Sweden extradited a Norwegian national of Iranian background to Denmark in connection with the foiled plot against the ASMLA leader.
August 20, 2018United StatesTwo Iranian operatives were charged for conducting covert surveillance of Israeli and Jewish facilities in the United States, and collecting identifying information about U.S. citizens and U.S. nationals who are members of an Iranian opposition group
June 30, 2018FranceAn Iranian diplomat is among three people arrested over an alleged terror threat after a plot to bomb a Free Iran rally in Paris was discovered by Belgian authorities. And the United States is urging all nations to carefully examine diplomats in Iranian embassies to ensure their countries’ own security. If Iran can plot bomb attacks in Paris, they can plot attacks anywhere in the world, and we urge all nations to be vigilant about Iran using embassies as diplomatic cover to plot terrorist attacks.
June 2018GermanyAn investigation by Dutch intelligence led to the expulsion of two Iranian diplomats based at the Iranian embassy in Amsterdam from the Netherlands. This followed the assassination several months earlier of an Iranian Arab activist who was gunned down in the Dutch capital.
January 2018GermanyAfter weeks of surveillance, German authorities raided several homes tied to Iranian operatives who reportedly were collecting information on possible Israeli and Jewish targets in Germany, including the Israeli embassy and a Jewish kindergarten. Arrest warrants were issued for 10 Iranian agents, but none were apprehended.
2018GermanyGerman government issued an official protest to the Iranian ambassador following the conviction of an Iranian agent for spying in Germany. In that case, the agent scouted targets in 2016, including the head of the German-Israeli Association
2017TurkeyThe 2017 killing in Turkey involved the murder of an exiled TV executive.
20 Jul 2017KuwaitKuwait expelled Iranian diplomats and closed some embassy missions after the emirate’s top court convicted a “terror” cell of links to the Islamic republic, prompting Iran to threaten reciprocal measures.
2017GermanyAhmad Mola Nissi, a Dutch citizen of Iranian origin, was in The Hague when an assassin shot him dead at his front door in 2017. The 52-year-old activist was a prominent figure in the Arab Struggle Movement for the Liberation of Ahvaz, an activist group that calls for the formation of a separate state in western Iran. The Dutch government publicly announced that it had “strong indications” that the Iranian government was behind the assassination of its citizen.
November 2016KenyaTwo Iranian operatives and their Kenyan driver, a local embassy employee, were arrested and charged with information collection in connection with a terrorist act after surveilling the Israeli embassy.
6 January 2016BahrainBahrain said it had dismantled a terrorist cell allegedly linked to the Revolutionary Guards and Hezbollah. The Bahraini interior ministry said the cell was planning to carry out a “series of dangerous bombings” on the kingdom, and that many members were arrested including the group’s leaders, 33-year-old twins Ali and Mohammed Fakhrawi.
February 2016Manila, PhilippinesPhilippine authorities thwarted an Iranian plot to hijack a Saudi Arabian civilian aircraft
30 September 2015BahrainBahraini security forces discovered a large bomb-making factory in Nuwaidrat and arrested a number of suspects linked to the Iranian Revolutionary Guards. The next day, 1 October, Bahrain recalled its ambassador to Iran and asked the Iranian acting charge d’affaires to leave the kingdom within 72 hours after he was declared persona non-grata. Bahrain’s decision to recall its ambassador came “in light of continued Iranian meddling in the affairs of the kingdom of Bahrain in order to create sectarian strife and to impose hegemony and control.
January 8, 2015Montevideo, UruguayA senior Iranian diplomat was expelled for planning an attack near the Israeli Embassy
2015NetherlandsEuropean citizen, Mohammad Reza Kolahi Samadi, an opponent of the Iranian regime, was killed
February 20, 2013NigeriaThree Iranian operatives were arrested for planning attacks against U.S. and Israeli tourist sites and organizations. A terrorist cell leader received weapons training in Iran
2013Thailand, New Delhi, Lagos and NairobiThe sponsorship of at least thirty terrorist attacks between 2011 and 2013 “in places as far flung as Thailand, New Delhi, Lagos, and Nairobi”, including a 2011 plot to assassinate the Saudi Arabian ambassador to the US and bomb the Israeli and Saudi embassies in Washington, D.C.
April 2013Bosnia and HerzegovinaTwo Iranian intelligence officers posted to Bosnia and Herzegovina as diplomats were expelled from the country after being involved in espionage and “connections to terrorism,” according to information prepared by the National Counterterrorism Center
April 13, 2013Kathmandu, NepalAn Iranian traveling on a fake Israeli passport was arrested for conducting surveillance of the Israeli Embassy
July 2012,IndiaThe Times of India reported that New Delhi police had concluded that terrorists belonging to a branch of Iran’s military, the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, were responsible for an attack on 13 February 2012, during which a bomb explosion targeted an Israeli diplomat in New Delhi, India, wounding one embassy staff member, a local employee, and two passers-by.
2012TurkeyFour IRGC-Qods Force operatives were found trying to attack Israeli targets in Turkey, and another was arrested in Sofia, Bulgaria, where he was conducting surveillance of a local synagogue.
14 February 2012ThailandA series of explosions occurred in Bangkok, Thailand. Thai authorities said that the bombings were a botched attempt by Iranian nationals to assassinate Israeli diplomats. Several Iranians were arrested and charged for the attacks, one of whom was badly injured.
June 2012Nairobi, KenyaTwo IRGC-QF operatives were arrested for planning bomb attacks against Western interests. Authorities discovered 33 pounds of explosive materials
September 29, 2011Washington, DC, United StatesThe IRGC-QF supported a plan to bomb a restaurant to assassinate the Saudi Ambassador to the United States
May 16, 2011Karachi, PakistanIranian operatives assassinated Saudi diplomat Hassan al-Qahtani
October 2010Nigeria Nigerian authorities seized an Iranian shipment of rockets, rocket launchers, grenades, and ammunition destined for rebels in the Gambia and Senegal
September 2009Glendora, CA, United StatesAn Iranian operative hired a hitman to assassinate an Iranian-American regime opponent and radio personality
2008IraqIran was accused of trying to kill Basra’s provincial governor in 2008.
2007Antoine GhanemFrancois Al-Hajj, a Lebanese major-general blown up in 2007 by a 35 kg. bomb in a BMW. Antoine Ghanem.
2007BeirutA Christian Lebanese politician, was killed in September 2007 in another explosion.
2007IraqIran was blamed for the assassination of a governor of Iraq’s Muthanna province in 2007.
2005LebanonIran’s Hezbollah proxy was behind the murder of former Lebanese prime minister Rafic Hariri in 2005. When Lebanese investigator Major Wissam Eid showed that Hezbollah phone networks pointed to the group’s involvement, he was also killed.
1979 – 2000
1994Argentina On 18 July 1994, there was an attack on the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association (AMIA) building in Buenos Aires, Argentina, which killed 85 people and injured hundreds. It was Argentina’s deadliest bombing ever. Argentina accused Tehran in 2006 of being behind the attacks, and indicted several senior Iranian officials, including Hashemi Rafsanjani and Ahmad Vahidi, as well as Hezbollah’s Imad Mughniyah.
1992Germany Mykonos restaurant assassinations. On September 17, 1992, Iranian-Kurdish insurgent leaders Sadegh Sharafkandi, Fattah Abdoli, Homayoun Ardalan and their translator Nouri Dehkordi were assassinated at the Mykonos Greek restaurant in Berlin, Germany. In the Mykonos trial, the courts found Kazem Darabi, an Iranian national who worked as a grocer in Berlin, and Lebanese Abbas Rhayel, guilty of murder and sentenced them to life in prison. Two other Lebanese, Youssef Amin and Mohamed Atris, were convicted of being accessories to murder. In its 10 April 1997 ruling, the court issued an international arrest warrant for Iranian intelligence minister Hojjat al-Islam Ali Fallahian[71] after declaring that the assassination had been ordered by him with knowledge of supreme leader Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and president Ayatollah Rafsanjani.
1989AustriaAbdul Rahman Ghassemlou, a Kurdish dissident living in Vienna, was supposed to meet for negotiations with Iranian officials. The secretary-general of the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan, his group had been brutally suppressed by Iran. Now, perhaps, the regime was changing and would be open to talks with the Kurds. Instead, Tehran sent assassins and gunned down Ghassemlou on July 13, 1989. The murderers escaped, one slipping away to the Iranian embassy.
1990SwedenKilled a Kurdiish dissident in Sweden in 1990.
1991FranceFormer prime minister named Shapour Bakhtiar in 1991 in France. France24 notes that on August 6, 1991, the assassin came to Bakhtiar’s home in Suresnes near Paris. Three men “strangled and stabbed” the former official. It “exposed the dark side of the Islamic Republic’s intelligence network.” One of the murderers was caught, imprisoned and allowed to return home in 2010.
June 4, 1992TurkeyThe kidnapping and mutilation of Ali Akbar Ghorbani, MEK member
March 17, 1992Buenos Aires, Argentina Lebanese Hizballah detonated a VBIED outside the Israeli Embassy. Iran provided logistical support. The attack killed 29 people and wounded 252
1993Rome, ItalyThe assassination of Mohammad Hossein Naghdi, NCRI member
1996Istanbul, TurkeyThe assassination of Zahra Rajabi, NCRI member
June 14-30, 1985Athens, Greece Lebanese Hizballah – with Iran’s logistical support – hijacked TWA flight 847 and murdered a U.S. Navy diver
December 1985-September 1986Paris, FranceLebanese Hizballah bombed a number of soft targets. Iran provided logistical support, and the attack resulted in 12 dead and at least 200 wounded
July 22, 1980Bethesda, MD, United StatesAn Iranian operative assassinated a former Iranian diplomat-in-exile, Ali Akbar Tabatabai, a vocal critic of then-Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini

# Conclusion

Over the past 40 years, the Iranian regime has been using its embassies throughout the world for the export of terrorism and assassinating its opponents. Following the nationwide Iran protests in 2018, during which the Iranian Resistance played a leading role, the crisis-riddled regime in Tehran has increased its terrorist activities against its viable alternative. The tentacles of terrorism still reach out from Tehran. Rouhani and the mullahs and their oppressive regime have turned their backs on the people of Iran. They have probably squandered billions of dollars, as President Bush said back in 2002, they were part of the axis of evil, spreading their evil with those tentacles of terrorism throughout the world. Instead of using those dollars that they had at their disposal to enhance the quality of life of the citizens of Iran to improve educational opportunities to help people remove themselves from the restraints of poverty, they’ve used it to continue to export their terrorism and repression around the world. There is a occupation of Iran in Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, as far as Argentina, Lebanon and many others.

The mullahs and Rouhani oversee the central bank of terrorism. Their embassies in many of the countries have become branch banks. It is within those embassies that logistical support for spies and terrorists are made. It is within those embassies that they stimulate chaos and anti-government activity and certainly anti-Western activity in other spots around the world.

From Austria to Albania to Iraq, an expansionist Iran has turned embassies into terrorism planning sites to meddle in host governments and hunt down the opposition. The mullahs’ regime has funneled billions of dollars to finance its belligerent war agenda in the Middle East while the majority of Iran’s people are living in poverty. As the regime’s officials have conceded, if the regime fails to inflame wars outside Iran’s borders, it would have to fight for survival within Iran’s borders. This is because external conflicts draw attention away from domestic crises. European authorities acknowledged that Iranian embassies throughout Europe are virtually swarming with intelligence agents. Iranian embassies and consulates have previously been conduits through which Tehran has organized terrorist plots. And not all of them have been thwarted. In the 1980s and 90s, Tehran conducted a series of assassinations of opposition activists such as Kazem Rajavi, who was the National Council of Resistance of Iran’s representative to the United Nations before he was gunned down in traffic near his home in Geneva in 1990. Disgracefully, Tehran faced little real consequence from any of these killings, and thus had little incentive to slow the expansion of its network of terrorist-diplomats. It is long past time for the regime as a whole to be held accountable for crimes that have gone unpunished because they did not directly target Western nationals. European enforcement of human rights principles should extend to the killings of Iranian dissidents on Western soil and also to the systematic killings that have taken place inside Iran itself, such as the massacre of 30,000 political prisoners in the summer of 1988 and the shooting deaths of 1,500 peaceful protesters in a nationwide uprising in November. The mullahs´ regime has lived in a bloodbath since its inception. It is time for Western democracies to stop to turn a blind eye on such criminal dictatorship.

Most regime diplomats are either Intelligence Ministry agents or [Revolutionary Guards] IRGC officers or have received training on terrorism and espionage to serve that purpose. With the Iranian people calling for the mullahs’ overthrow in the streets, it is particularly important to adopt a decisive policy vis-à-vis the regime’s terrorism and shut down its embassies in other countries.

Five things to end Iranian regime terrorism:
– Closing the regime’s embassies and all centers for espionage and terrorism (i.e. cultural centers funded by Iran)
– Blocking international financial transactions by regime agents and entities
– Expelling the regime’s agents, no matter what role they play, and enshrining this in law
– Stopping security and intelligence services from communicating with the regime’s agencies
– Publically exposing the regime’s terror plots, agents, and front companies

# Current Iranian ambassadors

These are the names of current ambassadors from Iran who are responsible for spreading regime propaganda and terrorist activities. Table last update: 28/10/2020

AfghanistanBahador Aminian
AlgeriaHossein Mashalchizadeh
ArgentinaMohammad Farhad Koleini
ArmeniaMohammad Raiesi
AustraliaAbdolhossein Vahaji
AustriaHassan Tajik
AzerbaijanJavad Jahangirzadeh
BangladeshHossein Aminian Tousi
BelarusMohammad-Reza Sabouri
BelgiumPeiman Seadat
BoliviaReza Tabatabaei Shafiei
Bosnia and HerzegovinaHossein Rajabi
BrazilHossein Gharibi
BulgariaAbdullah Norouzi
CambodiaHossein Alvandi Behineh
ChileAbolfazl Khuzaie Turshizi
ColombiaMohammad Rezaei
ChinaAli Asghar Khaji
CroatiaMohammad Ebrahim Taherian Fard
CubaRashid Bayt Mokhtari
CyprusAli Akbar Rezaei
Czech RepublicGholam Reza Derikvand
DenmarkHamid Bayat
EcuadorSaadat Agajani
EgyptMojtaba Aman
EthiopiaAli Bahreini
FijiJalaladdin Namini Mianji
FinlandRasoul Mousavi
FranceAli Ahani
GeorgiaAbbas Talebifar
GermanyAli Majedi
GhanaMohammed Soleymani
GreeceBenham Behrouz
HungaryMohammad Reza Morshedzadeh
IndiaGholam Reza Ansari
IndonesiaMohammadi Nasrabadi
IraqIraj Masjedi
IrelandJavad Kachoueian
ItalyJahanbakhsh Mozaffari
Ivory CoastAlireza Qorashi
JapanReza Nazar Ahari
JordanMojtaba Ferdosipour
KazakhstanMojtaba Demirchilou
KenyaJafar Barmaki
KuwaitAli Reza Enayati
KyrgyzstanAli Najafi
LatviaHamid Reza Shakeri Niasar
LebanonMojtaba Amani
LithuaniaRamin Mehmanparast
LibyaHossein Akbari
MalaysiaMarzieh Afkham
MexicoMohammad Taghi Hosseini
MoldovaAkbar Qasem Aliabad
MontenegroMajid Fahim Pour
MoroccoMohammad Taqi Moayed
NetherlandsAlireza Jahangiri
New ZealandMajid Tafreshi Khameneh
NicaraguaSaeed Zare
NigeriaSaeed Koozechi
NorwayMajid Nili
OmanAli Akbar Sibeveih
PakistanH.E Mr Mehdi Honardoost
PhilippinesMohammad Tanhaei
PolandRamin Mehmanparast
PortugalHossein Gharibi
QatarMohammad Javad Asayesh
RomaniaHamid Moayyer
RussiaMehdi Sanaei
Saudi ArabiaHossein Sadeghi
SenegalMohammad Reza Dehshiri
SerbiaMajid Fahim Pour
Sierra LeoneLotfollah Bakhatiari
SingaporeJavad Ansari
SlovakiaHassan Tajik
SloveniaMorteza Darzi Ramandi
South AfricaMohammad Faraji
South KoreaHassan Taherian
SudanShabib Jurijari
SwedenHamid Reza Shakeri Niasar
SwitzerlandH.E. Dr. Mohammad Reza Haji Karim Jabbari
SyriaMohammad Reza Rauf Sheibani
TajikistanHojjatollah Faghani
ThailandHossein Kamalian
TunisiaMostafa Boroujerdi
TurkeyAlireza Bigdeli
TurkmenistanMohammad Mousa Hashemi Golpaygani
UgandaAmir Hossein Nik Bin
UkraineAkbar Qasem Aliabad
United Arab EmiratesMohammad Reza Fayyad
United KingdomHamid Baeidinejad
United NationsGholamali Khoshroo
UruguayAbolfazl Pasandideh
UzbekistanMohammad Keshavarz-Zadeh
Vatican CityMohammad Taher Rabbani
VenezuelaHojattolah Soltani
VietnamHossein Alvandi Behineh
YemenHassan Irloo
ZimbabweMohammad Amin Nejad