(Translated to English from “www.peivast”, published on July 26, 2017
Who are the main shareholders and owners of large companies in Iran? Finding the answer The simple question is sometimes so difficult that it takes weeks to spend time and in some cases there is such a complicated structure that it’s impossible to find the clues as a clutter of confusion. On the other hand, large companies of ICT in Iran to enter new markets usually create companies with unfamiliar names, which makes it almost impossible to estimate the market share of each one.
However, search results indicate that the bulk of Iran’s information and communication technology industry is at the disposal of five large companies, which are by no means private.
The Middle Eastern telecommunications giant, who eventually cut off the majority of its stock, has never been able to operate as a private company. Apart from the mental background of the public and telecommunications staff in the government knowing the company and imposing the government’s perceptions on its decisions, the combination of new owners also did not lead to a major change in the telecommunications policy.
After the transfer of the Telecommunication Company of Iran, the new managers first tried to deny any relationship with the sovereign institutions. For example, only a few days after the announcement of the Consortium of Excellence Trust Mobin (Tom) as the winner of the Telecoms Management Transfer Management Auctions Award, Mohammad Reza Modarres Kheybani, the CEO of Shahriar Mahesht Company, denied the presence of the IRGC in the telecom transaction, “From there Some of the consortium companies in the past have been established by the Bahman Group (IRGC), and this has been a source of concern for the buyer’s corps. “But this trend could not continue for a long time, and eventually everyone accepted that telecom privatization was only apparent in appearance. And the company continues to be dependent on sovereign institutions.
In the following years, the process of denial of the ownership of sovereign institutions by the governing body replaced its denial. New owners who have been present at the board have always emphasized that the decisions would be taken by them, or eventually, by the consortium’s managers, but a few years later, when Iran’s government and telecommunications dispute over the expansion of the network and tariffs was raised, there were whispers that reflected issues The main and important thing is that none of the directors have the power and ability to bargain and decide. Last year, the same day, it was said that a trilogy consisting of the Chief Executive Officer of Imam Khomeini’s command, the trust of Mobin as the owner of the main part of Iran’s telecommunications, was divided as follows:
Shariah, the IRGC Cooperative Foundation and the Communications Minister, have regular meetings and decisions on the differences. The news was repeatedly denied by the Iranian telecoms managers, including the board chairman of the company’s day, but it was officially announced that an agreement had been reached between the members of the board and the signing ceremony, when the new board was introduced in May this year.
The current composition of the stockholders of Telecommunication Company of Iran is now as follows: 50% plus a share of trust development, 5% in the stock exchange, 5% of employees, slightly less than 20% of the state and slightly more than 20% of equity shares.
Turbine shares of Mobin Electronics electronic distribution 38% (belonging to the executive headquarters of Imam’s command)
– Bank Sina 10% (63% of its shares belong to Mostazafan Foundation)
– Shahriar Mahastan Co. 27% (owned by the IRGC Cooperative Foundation)
– Etemad Mehr Pars Group 24% (belonging to the IRGC Cooperative Foundation)
– Trust Investment Investment Trust Co., Ltd. 0.09%
– Investment company Ganjina Shayestegan 0.0001%.
Telecommunication Company Iran is the main owner of the company’s mobile communications company (first mobile phone) and telecommunications companies in Tehran and Isfahan, Mehr Mobin Economics and Electronic Mobin Iran are another shareholder of this operator. But it’s interesting to note that with its first companion, the stockholders of the Seal of Economics is apparent. This company is supporting the shares of Iran Telecom and the first in the stock exchange and its other shareholders, the expansion of electronic communications, the development of trust, the communications of Iran and the Shahriar Mahistan.
Such a case is common among the many companies in the subset of Iran’s electronic expansion, so that you will be able to find a shareholder of each of these companies in a collection of nesting circles.
MTN / Irancell
Iran’s second mobile operator, who after a long cache and arc eventually launched its first SIM card, from the very beginning presented its shareholders with transparency. 49% of the shares of this operator belong to MTN South Africa. The remaining 51 percent is also available to Iran’s Electronic Development Company. The shareholders are also Sairan (owned by the Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Support) and Sina Electronic Technology Development Company (owned by Mostazafan Foundation).
Irancell, like Iran’s expansion of Mobin Iran, has a number of companies in its portfolio, but it is difficult to find these companies because, unlike Iran’s subscribers, which use almost all the word “Mobin” in their names, Irancell subsidiaries are less than the original owner.
The third mobile operator in Iran, including the legacy of the state, has finally begun without a foreign partner, and all its shares belong to the Social Security Investment Company (Shasta). Although the shareholders of this company appear to be the wave of supplying the Pars communication, the management of modern supplying industries, SBA investment, the top priority investment, oil, gas and petrochemical investment, but ultimately all of these companies are considered to be Shasta’s functions. Shasta, even though he is a public company, is always one of the subsectors of the Ministry of Co-operation, Labor and Social Welfare, and its CEO is identified by the Minister.
For many reasons, Rylelet has not yet been able to take a big part in Iran’s mobile phone market, and for this reason, has not yet begun appearing in other sectors of the industry.
The Consortium of Communications and Electronics of Iranians, known as the Fourth Operator, began its activity on November 13th and was set to work in the field of fiber optic network in the cities and provinces of the country, but has not been able to take any significant steps so far. The consortium’s shareholders include: 20% Infrastructure Communications Corporation (on behalf of the ICT Ministry), Sina Electronic Technology Development Corporation (23%), Mobin Electronic Development Co. (owned by the Executive Chief of Imam’s Office), Telecommunication Development Technologies Investment Company Paywar and Investment Company of the Pension Fund of the Oil Industry.
In the meantime, the company is the only technology vendor for Telecommunication Development, which is likely to be unknown to the telecoms, the shareholders of the company are: Hekmat employees investment fund, Soroush Energy Parsian, and Value Kish Kish, all of which are affiliated with the Ministry of Defense; perhaps this is why The company’s first board was named Alireza Qalambar Dezfuli, CEO of the second operator.
The first WiMAX operator from the beginning of the work with the presence of Mobin Electronics has begun, but the way of mixing its shareholder has changed, and according to the latest documents, nowadays, along with the first, the first role of quality (belonging to the first one), research and The developer of the savior (owned by the law enforcement), the permanent system and the future bank of its shareholders.
Investors named in the previous sections, apart from the presence of old operators, have also taken new licenses for telecoms. From what has been announced, the Imam’s Executive Command can be accessed directly or indirectly by four virtual mobile operators (MVNOs):
1. Parsian Electronic Commerce Corp. (owned by Parsian Bank, which has eight percent of its shares in the executive headquarters)
2- Zohi Communication Company (part of its shares owned by Telecommunication Holdings)
3- First Kish Pardis Company (First Companion)
4- Electronic Health Blessing Company (belonging to the Executive Chief of Imam’s Command).
In the past months, Mobin handed over to Halma Gostar Middle East.
Also, Poya Afarin Basin (one of Irancell’s electronic products suppliers) and Iran Novin Kish (the second-largest operator’s exclusive advertising agency) have been successful in obtaining a consensual agreement on the principle of MVNO.
This stockholding agreement occurs as one of the conditions set out in the regulation of the regulatory committee regarding the license of virtual operators is that “the license holder or its shareholders shall not be liable to other license holders of the virtual operator (or the owner of the agreement) and direct or Have indirect shares. ” Also, in the next condition, “Host Numbers (MNOs) and their shareholders should not be directly or indirectly in any of the virtual operators (or the owner of the principal agreement)”.
Of the other pseudo-state celebrities present in this field, virtual operators may include Informatics Services (affiliated with the Central Bank) and Amin Strategic Development Development (owned by Saipa subsidiaries).
Among the applicants for the FCP license, there is also the name of Afrānt, the majority of its shares with the first.
Apart from what has been said, large operators and their owners have recorded a large number of companies in these years, some of which hold shares of several other companies. Some of the companies that the Iranian electronics company owns are: Mobin Khavar Technologies, Mobin Van Kish, Raleigh Iran, Aria TB, Combinatorial Communications Development and Mobin Economy Seal. Meanwhile, each of these companies also holds the shares of the said companies, and thus it is not possible to specifically specify which one is the other owner. What is clear is that all these companies belong to the executive headquarters of the Imam’s command.
Also, in the subset of the Mobile Communications Company of Iran, several companies such as Kis’s First Campus, Kish First (Kear), Afshar Afar Afrar, are the first to play the Dena Light’s quality and development.
Companies such as Telecoms First, Mobin Saba’s First Services, First Telecoms Services of Tehran, etc., are part of the affairs of the Telecommunication Company of Iran, and the two companies are directly or indirectly their main shareholders. Thus, when there is a problem or an answer from the public and the press, any communication between them and the main shareholders is easily denied.
In a general summing up, it can be said that the government, the executive headquarters of the Imam’s command, the Mostazafan Foundation, the IRGC Cooperative Foundation and the NGO Cooperative Foundation are the most important actors in the field of communications and information technology in the country, and account for the vast majority of income in this area. Private ICT companies have grown over the years, but still have a very small share of the industry’s turnover, and have little impact on large-scale decisions.
In creating such a situation, the law is definitely the main culprit, which recognizes the institutions of the sovereignty as public institutions and, in the definition of the state, considers only the executive branch. However, with such a definition, companies that come to the government with a few intermediaries and are actually the executive branch for which they make decisions
Source » https://peivast.com/month-report/مالکان-فروتن-ict/