According to the Energy Department of the Dana News Agency , since the oil from the depths of Iran, it has seized the country’s economy and became the main source of funding for the country.
In those years, whatever governments tried to run the country and provide people with livelihoods through the wells, failed, and given the country’s economic conditions, the dependence of the economy on oil is likely to continue for decades to come.
Hence, perhaps the best that could happen during this period is that contractors in the field of oil and gas have become powerful, and by learning the science of the day and importing technology to the domestic arena, the country’s oil and gas industry from extraction to processing into its own hands Take it
The structure of Iranian contractors, however, has not been able to separate from the state and has always been in the hands of the government. As Seyyed Abulhassan Khamoush, director of the Iranian Petrochemicals Group, told the Dana news agency, the real power for projects management There is no oil inside, and at the same time the investor can not do the project management to domestic companies, because there is a high economic risk for them.
According to Khamoushi, the costs and risks of investing in oil projects would exclude the possibility of Iranian companies in large projects.
Meanwhile, Gholam Reza Manouchehri, CEO of Petropars, announced the capacity of domestic contractors in the oil and gas sector at about $ 5 billion, adding that if contractors exceed their capacity, they will face problems such as bad weather and other similar problems. We will face.
He said that the implementation of major oil and gas projects in Iran and plans to optimize the withdrawal from underdeveloped oil and gas fields shows that it is impossible to carry out these projects alone and to use foreign resources It is essential.
Meanwhile, Manouchehry said: “The growth of the country’s contracting and industrial chain, helping to develop indigenous industries in the oil and gas sector, creating specialized employment at different levels, increasing the share of Iranian companies in the development of oil and gas fields, and forging the presence of Iranian companies in activities Outside of the country and increasing national security and international effectiveness are among the benefits of paying attention to domestic companies.
As Manouchehri said, closing heavy contracts with domestic contractors caused some of them some of them, as the oil minister showed them.
Along with the oil ministry’s ultimatum to poor contractors, some of the oil projects currently in the hands of domestic contractors will be re-bided.
As Hamid Reza Araghi, managing director of the National Gas Company, underlined that Khatam-ol-Anbia was one of the good contractors of the gas company and did not intend to dismantle or abandon the gas company’s projects, it is likely that for the construction of parts of the sixth pipeline The nationwide gas pipeline seventh, a new bidding and a new contractor will be selected.
At present, the successful domestic contractors who have huge oil and gas companies in the country can be armed forces social security organization, offshore oil company, Khatam al-Awsiya headquarters, Khatam-al-Anbia headquarters, Razavi oil and gas development company, organization Expansion and modernization of Iran’s industries, Petropars Company, Sadra and Quebec companies.
Headquarters of Khatam-ol-Anbia, the most active internal contractor for the oil and gas sector
Two powerful contractors in this area are Khatam-ol-Anbia and Khatam Al-Avesiya, which have collaborated on many of the country’s oil and gas projects.
The construction site of Khatamalanbaya, which has been present in various fields such as dam construction, irrigation networks, construction of water, gas, buildings, tunnels, underground structures, ports, reservoirs, refineries, floating structures, docks and agricultural industries, has been in place since 2006. He was very active in the oil, gas and petrochemical industry.
The site is currently executing over 30 major projects in the upstream and downstream sectors of the country’s oil and gas industry. Except for previous contracts signed by the headquarters with the Ministry of Oil, negotiations are underway to finalize more than $ 10 billion of new contracts for various projects, such as the development of the South Pars Phase 3, the construction of oil and gas pipelines, the development of the Ilam Refinery And the development of the Susengard large oil field, is being carried out between the oil ministry and the Khatami-Al-Bayba construction site.
Of course, this is $ 10 billion other than the $ 5 billion contracted by the Ministry of Petroleum with the Khatami-ul-Bayan construction site in the final phase.
The most important energy contracts of Khatam-ol-Anbia
The most significant contracts signed with this station in the oil and gas sector of the country are: $ 2 billion contract for the development of phases 15 and 16 of South Pars, Phase 22 to 24 joint South Pars field worth about $ 5 billion to $ 6 billion, contract for the third part of the pipeline The sixth gas pipeline worth $ 3.1 billion, the $ 1.3 billion contract for the first phase of the seventh pipeline, the Peace Pipeline, the development of the Ilam gas refinery worth approximately $ 120 million, the contract for the Neva-Jask oil pipeline worth more than 3 Billions of dollars, construction of 3 oil pipelines in the provinces of Khorasan, Kerman and Hormozgan valued at 850 million dollars The field of Halgan and Sadhan gas fields worth around $ 1 billion, the $ 500 million gas project, the contract for the construction of Ethan and Ethylene pipelines, and an alliance for a total value of more than $ 1 billion, recently signed by Toshan Field and Alpha. Susangerd and Sumar.
The construction site of Khatamal, as well as the Shell and Ripsul replacements in Phases 13 and 14 of South Pars
Khatam al-Avesiya’s headquarters is a consortium formed by the Minister of Oil from the five major contractors of oil and gas projects in 2010, replacing the Dutch-English company Shell with a $ 5 billion contract for Phase 13 and 14 South Pars. “And the Spanish company” Repsol “.
The initial contractors of the consortium consist of the Khatam-ol-Namiba construction site, which is the main shareholder, and the OIC Construction Company, Marine Engineering and Construction Company, ISUAIKO and Sadra, other shareholders of the consortium. are.
In fact, the Khatmala-asiya Construction Center established itself as the sister company of the Khatam-ol-Namib construction site into the oil and gas field of the country to complete the cooperation with other companies managing projects related to the country’s oil and gas industries.
With the signing of the contract for the development of two oil fields, “Toshan” and “Alpha” offshore oil company Sosungard and Sumar, the number of signed contracts between the Oil Ministry and the two sisters of Khatumalanbay and Khatmala, reached 53 contracts, the financial volume of which exceeds 17 Billion dollars.
Major activities of Petropars Gas Development Company
Petropars, an Iranian oil and gas company, headquartered in Tehran, a subsidiary of Iran’s oil company (NIKO), is also a subsidiary of the National Iranian Oil Company.
Petropars Company was established in 1997 by the Iranian Petroleum Investment Company, with the aim of implementing the South Pars Phase 1 development plan for a general contractor company with Iranian capital through a cross-selling method.
The company is currently working on offshore and offshore oil and gas extraction, as well as providing upstream, downstream and downstream services for oil and gas fields.
The main activities of Petropars Company have been focused on the development of gas fields, most of which are on the development phase of Phases 1, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12 and 18 of the South Pars gas field.
Other projects carried out by the company include the development of the Kish gas field, the development of Farzad gas field, and the development of the Northern Cambinda field in Venezuela.
Between 2008 and 2009, Petropars went to the private transferring frontier, and in the first stage, the privatization organization estimated the base price of 61% of its shares equal to 212 billion USD, which was comprised of a consortium consisting of Khatamalanbaja construction site, Astan Quds Razavi and Kayson Co., but after a while due to lack of performance of obligations and not credible bank documents, the contract was not implemented.
The ups and downs in Sadra
Iran’s Marine Industrial Company, which is briefly called Sadra, operates in the maritime industry and is one of the largest contractors of Iran’s oil and gas projects.
Sadra Company started its work on the construction and repair of the ship in Bushehr in 1347. After the 1979 Iranian Revolution, Sadra expanded its offshore operations.
In 1997, the company obtained ISO 9001 certification in the field of design, construction and installation of offshore oil and gas facilities, construction, construction of harbors and coastal and bridge protection, followed by ISO 2000001 and ISO 2004-14001 certificates. .
The first time the National Bank invested in the year 82, it bought 35 percent of its shares worth 407 billion USD. But for six years, he gave it a huge loss to the headquarters of Khatami-ul-Bayt.
This means that 51 percent of Sadra’s shares were sold to the site at a cost of 76 billion USD. Sadra, a 2009 high-debt company, was bought by former oil minister Rostam Ghasemi, 51 percent of its shares, to prevent it from taking off from the shipbuilding industry.
In August 2013, Khatam-ol-Namiba’s seat left 62 percent of Sadra’s shares to a private company for the third time. Sadra was assigned to a private contractor, Abad-e Ra’an Pars, which mainly operates in the field of construction and oil and gas production.
Following this assignment, Sadra’s former CEO, Mehdi Etesam, also replaced Farzad Anari, a member of the board of directors and executive vice president of the “Abad Rouhan Pars”.
Source » danakhabar