INVOLVED IN THIS ARTICLE:

Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf

Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf

Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis

Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis

Popular Mobilization Forces

Popular Mobilization Forces

Taliban

Taliban

The year 2020 began with sadness for the Iranian regime, as it started in early January with the assassination of one of its most important figures, Quds Force commander Qassem Soleimani, an event that caused a shock within Iranian political circles.

Assassination of the mullahs’ symbols

On January 3, 2020, an American drone strike targeted the car of Qassem Soleimani near Baghdad airport, along with the leader of the Iraqi Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF), Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis. This event had a great impact, as Soleimani was one of the most important military figures for the mullah regime. With his death, the regime lost one of its most important leaders who worked in recent years to “export the revolution” by providing support to many terrorist groups loyal to Iran in the countries of the region.

The Quds Force commander was a symbol of the influence of the mullahs and their military incursion into the Middle East, and the regime relied on him completely in order to threaten the interests of the United States in the region, which caused Washington to set its sights on targeting him.

Several days after the assassination of Soleimani, Iran sought to strike the United States by targeting American bases in Iraq. However, luck did not favor the Iranian regime, as Revolutionary Guard missiles targeted a Ukrainian airliner by mistake, killing all 176 people on board.

Just as the year 2020 began with the assassination of Soleimani, it ended with the assassination of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, one of Iran’s most prominent nuclear scientists, and in the same way, by targeting his car near the capital, Tehran, on November 27.

Although Tehran has not yet reached the perpetrators of this incident, it has pointed the finger at Israel, and the Iranian parliament has even approved a new law stipulating an increase in the level of uranium enrichment.

Explosion of nuclear installations

The year 2020 can also be called the year of explosions in Iran, due to the occurrence of many explosions starting from June, when the country witnessed explosions at nuclear and military facilities, the most important of which was the explosion of the Natanz nuclear facility and the Khojir military industries site. It is strange that the Iranian regime did not mention the real reasons behind these explosions, except that in some incidents, such as the Natanz explosion, it pointed the fingers at the United States and Israel.

Corona and the hardliners elections

In February 2020, Iran began preparing for parliamentary elections, and this time Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei set his sights on appointing the hardliners. Indeed, the Guardian Council was his tool in this, as the current parliament gained a large percentage of hardliners at the expense of the reformists despite the objection of the country’s president, Hassan Rouhani.

However, in the end, the hardliners won the majority in the parliament, headed by Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, a former Revolutionary Guard commander. After the inauguration of parliament, Rouhani faced numerous threats from the hardliners, who sought to dismiss him and isolate him twice due to his failures in domestic and foreign policy, nut Khamenei intervened to stop the operation at the last moment.

While the regime was preparing for parliamentary elections, the corona pandemic appeared, but citizens were not afraid to go to the polls, as the government denied rumors about the spread of the virus in the country, which led to a large spread inside the country until the number of infections exceeded one million cases.

Year of executions

The year 2020 can also be described as the year of executions in Iran, as the mullahs carried out many executions against opponents. Despite the economic crises and the corona pandemic, the regime did not hesitate to exert pressure on Iranians and suppress them, including with arbitrary executions, which sparked rejection in Europe. Wrestling champion Navid Afkari was executed in September for allegedly participating in anti-government demonstrations in 2018, in addition to the execution of Ruhollah Zam, an Iranian opposition journalist who was arrested by Tehran last December for allegedly being anti-revolutionary and spying for foreign parties.

Arms embargo on Iran

The year 2020 enabled Iran to win, albeit for a short period, over Washington, which sought to extend the arms embargo resolution imposed on Iran under the nuclear agreement. The members of the UN Security Council refused Washington’s announcement to extend the arms embargo on Tehran that ended on October 18 and to activate the “snapback” trigger mechanism to impose UN sanctions.

But the Iranian victory did not last long, as Washington extended and tightened US sanctions on Iran and imposed more sanctions on Iranian people and institutions, which led to the collapse of the Iranian economy and the deterioration of the country’s local currency. At the end of the year, the mullah regime pinned its hopes on US President-elect Joe Biden to get rid of those sanctions, especially since Biden previously announced that it is possible to return to the nuclear agreement after his predecessor, Donald Trump, withdrew from it in May 2018.

Source » theportal-center

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